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  • Writer's pictureFarhad Nassiri Afshar

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).

Updated: Feb 18

What is Chronic Kidney Disease?

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a condition where the kidneys gradually lose their ability to filter and clean the blood. Healthy kidneys are essential for removing waste, excess salt, and water from the body. When CKD progresses, it can lead to complete kidney failure, making early detection and management crucial.

Symptoms to Watch For

Initially, CKD might not show any symptoms. However, as it advances, you might notice:

  • Swelling in feet, ankles, or legs, known as edema.

  • High blood pressure.

  • Increased fatigue.

  • Bone damage.

Regular Check-ups and Tests

If you're diagnosed with CKD, regular doctor visits are vital. Expect yearly appointments and routine tests, including blood and urine analysis. If the condition worsens, you might need to consult a nephrologist, a specialist in kidney diseases.

Protecting Your Kidneys

To prevent further kidney damage:

  • Strictly adhere to prescribed medications.

  • Control blood sugar if you're diabetic.

  • Alter your diet based on medical advice, possibly with a dietitian's help.

  • Quit smoking and lose weight if necessary.

  • Avoid kidney-harmful medications, like NSAIDs (e.g., ibuprofen, naproxen).

Treatment Options for CKD

In early stages, besides already mentioned CKD self care and healthy habits, medications like ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers help slow disease progression. It's crucial to follow your doctor's instructions regarding these medications.

Advanced Stage Treatment Choices

When kidneys fail, you have three treatment options:

  1. Kidney Transplant: A new kidney takes over the function of the failed ones. Post-transplant, lifelong medications are necessary to prevent rejection.

  2. Hemodialysis: Your blood is filtered using a machine, typically three times a week.

  3. Peritoneal Dialysis: A special fluid cleanses the body via a tube in your abdomen, done daily.

Choosing the Right Treatment

Deciding on a treatment involves detailed discussions with your doctor. Kidney transplants are often the best option, but availability can be a constraint. It's important to understand each option and communicate openly about your preferences and concerns.

Remember, it's your right to decide what treatment, if any, you want to pursue. Early detection and proactive management of CKD can significantly impact your quality of life. Consult your healthcare provider for advice and testing if you have any concerns or symptoms. Stay informed and take an active role in your health!

Concerned about kidney health or Chronic Kidney Disease? Visit Irys Medical Clinic at for expert care, including comprehensive evaluations and personalized treatment. Book an appointment to proactively maintain your health and well-being. Let us be your partner in ensuring early detection and effective management of kidney health. Contact us for a consultation.

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